15 Famous Greek Architecture Examples with Stunning Images

15 Famous Greek Architecture Examples with Stunning Images

Posted in: Architecture,Cultural,Religious
On January 2, 2020

Ancient Greek Architecture stands as a testament to human ingenuity, showcasing a remarkable fusion of artistry and engineering that has left an indelible mark on the world of construction. The legacy of this architectural style is defined by its enduring impact on the course of human creativity and construction.

From the grandeur of the Parthenon to the intricacies of the Temple of Artemis, numerous famous Greek buildings have stood the test of time, each reflecting the aesthetic and cultural values of its era.

These Greek architecture examples illustrate not only the skill of ancient builders but also the enduring influence they’ve had on subsequent architectural movements, serving as a rich source of inspiration for generations of architects and designers.

Comfortable Seating Areas in Ancient Greek Architecture

While ancient Greek architecture primarily focused on monumental structures like temples and theaters, it’s worth noting that comfortable seating areas were an essential aspect of their designs. In ancient theaters, such as the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, seating arrangements were carefully planned to accommodate large audiences during performances and events. These seating areas were designed to provide optimal views and acoustic experiences for spectators.

Drawing a parallel to modern office spaces, the concept of comfortable seating is equally important. Just as ancient Greeks considered the comfort of their audiences, contemporary office designs prioritize ergonomic office chairs to ensure the well-being and productivity of employees. Proper seating not only enhances the aesthetics of the workspace but also plays a crucial role in creating a conducive environment for focused work.

Greek Architecture Examples

1. Erechtheion, Acropolis

Erechtheion, Acropolis 10

source: Youtube

The Erechtheion temple is one of the remarkable ancient Greek buildings, built by the architect Mnesicles between 421 and 406 BC. This temple got its name from the legendary figure Erichthonius, who is mentioned as the ruler of Athens and a brave king in Greek mythology. The remains of this ancient Greek building showcase the six figures, crafted from white and black marble sourced from Mt. Pentelikon and Eleusis.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 8:00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 30 mins
  • Entry Cost: 12 Euro
Erechtheion, Acropolis

Source: ancient.eu

2. Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Acropolis

Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Acropolis

Source: Pinterest

This theater holds immense significance in the realm of ancient Greek architecture and history, portraying the distinct features that define Greek culture. This open theater is the stone structure on the slope of the Acropolis and is said to be built in memory of Aspasia, the wife of the Athenian magnate. The remains of this beautiful theater have witnessed huge concerts after the 1950s when it was rebuilt.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 8:00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
  • Entry Cost: 12 Euro
Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Acropolis

Source: gtp.gr

3. Parthenon, Acropolis

Parthenon, Acropolis

source: en.wikipedia.org

The Parthenon, a masterpiece among Greek temples, is dedicated to the goddess Athena and stands as one of the most historic buildings in Greek history. The Athenians considered this goddess as their patron and the sign of wisdom. This building was considered as the Church and also a mosque at different times in its history but it was originally built to celebrate victory over Persians.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 7.30 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 2.30 hours
  • Entry Cost: 12 Euro

Also, Read Religious Architecture around the World 

Parthenon, Acropolis

Source: britannica.com

4. Stoa of Attalos, Agora

Stoa of Attalos, Agora

source: wikimedia.org

The Stoa of Attalos, one of the classical Greek architecture buildings, is a two-floored building that was built by King Attalos II somewhere between 159 BC and 138 BC. This beautiful building is made up of limestone and marble found in Mt. Penteli. The interior and exterior colonnade has been iconic because of its beautiful and unique architecture and was turned into the Ancient Agora Museum in the 1950s.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 8.00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
  • Entry Cost: 4 Euro
Stoa of Attalos, Agora

source: globalbooking.eu

5. Temple of Apollo, Delphi

Temple of Apollo, Delphi

Source: Britannica

The Temple of Apollo is one of the most ancient Greek temples as its construction dates back to the fourth century BC. This temple is not as prominent as it was before as it has turned into ruin because of several incarnations. The temple has been destroyed several times due to fire and earthquake but the ruins still contain limestone Doric columns and precious stones.

  • Timings: It is open for 24 hours but the preferred timings are 9.00 a.m to 4.00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
  • Entry Cost: Free

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Temple of Apollo, Delphi

Source: flicker

6. Temple of Artemis, Corfu

Temple of Artemis, Corfu

Source: Wikimedia.org

The temple of Artemis, recognized as the first Doric temple, stands as a testament to remarkable Greek structures. It was constructed around 580 BC and is exclusively crafted from stone, a fitting dedication to the goddess Artemis. The temple has been an area of interest for many since its discovery by soldiers during the Napoleonic wars. The temple was built in the total area occupying 77 ft. the width and 161 ft. length with beautiful Doric architectural styles.

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  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 7.30 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 2.30 hours
  • Entry Cost: 12 Euro
Temple of Artemis, Corfu

Source: arsty.net

7. Temple of Hephaestus, Agora

Temple of Hephaestus, Agora

Source: Britannica

The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the noteworthy Greek architectural examples. It is one of the fewer maintained and well preserved Greek architectures which can be witnessed in its original architecture even today. The temple is a classic work of Doric architecture and dates back to 415 BC. It was built and dedicated to Hephaestus, who was known to be the god of fire and craftsmanship. The temple has nineteen columns in different dimensions covering 13.708 meters and 31.776 meters from east-west and north-south respectively.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 3.00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
  • Cost: Average 6 Euro per person
Temple of Hephaestus, Agora

source: en.wikipedia.org

8. Temple of Hera, Olympia

Temple of Hera, Olympia

Source: wordscene.wordpress.com

The temple of Hera, a part of classical Greek architecture buildings, was built in 590 BC and was built and dedicated to the queen of Greek goddesses. It is believed that originally the temple comprised a corridor and room built from wood which was expanded gradually and transformed into stone architecture.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 8.00 p.m
  • Cost : 3 Euros

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Temple of Hera, Olympia

Source: Flickr

9. Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens

Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens

Source: wilipedia.org

The temple, one of the Famous Greek buildings, is built in the shape of multiple columns which are also called the columns or the Olympieion of the Olympian Zeus. The building was started in the 6th century by Peisistratos but was completed in 131 AD by the Roman emperor Hadrian. The temple had 104 colossal columns, of which 16 columns survived and are preserved.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 7.00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit:  2.30 hours
  • Cost: 6 Euros
Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens

Source: Pinterest.com

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10. The Great Theater of Epidaurus

The Great Theater of Epidaurus

Source: Youtube

Considering the ancient architecture, this theater, a part of famous Greek buildings, is said to be having all kinds of modern aesthetics from the stage building to the auditorium. The theater carries its unique feature and Hellenistic feels as if it is not modified or recreated and preserved in its original form, and has the capacity of accommodating 13000 to 14000 people.

  • Timings: Everyday 8:00 a.m to 8.00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit:  2 hours
  • Cost: 15 Euros
The Great Theater of Epidaurus

Source: Pinterest

11. Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights Rhodes

Drone view of Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

Source: Pixels

Discover the historical gem of Rhodes, the Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, a remarkable example of Gothic-style architecture in Greece. This well-preserved citadel stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of classical Greek architecture buildings and transports visitors back in time to the island’s medieval history. As you stroll through the fortress and its gardens, you’ll be immersed in tales of ancient legends, such as its rumored connection to the legendary Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. With its unique location by the sea, the Palace offers a must-see cultural experience during your Mediterranean escape.

  • Timings: 8:00 a.m to 3:00 p.m
  • Time Required for a visit: 3 hours
  • Cost: 6 Euros

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Wide Angle View of Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

Source: Pixabay

12. Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki

Outside View of Hagia Sofia in Thessaloniki

Source: Pixabay

The Church of Hagia Sofia in Thessaloniki is one of the famous Greek buildings. It stands as an extraordinary building to the city’s architectural heritage. Believed to date back to the 6th or 8th century, this imposing church exudes timeless charm with its simplicity and elegance. Its single dome surrounded by a square structure showcases Byzantine and ancient Greek influences. Inside, vibrant colors and gold accents create a stunning visual spectacle. As one of Thessaloniki’s oldest buildings, the Church of Hagia Sofia offers visitors a captivating glimpse into the city’s ancient past and religious significance. Thus, it is a cultural gem in the list of great Greek architecture examples.

  • Timings: Daily 8:30 a.m to 2:00 p.m and 5:30 p.m to 8:00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
  • Cost: Free
READ MORE  20+ Famous Religious Buildings Around The World
Inside View of Hagia Sofia in Thessaloniki

Source: Dawn

13. Panathenaic Stadium

Upper Seat View of Panathenaic Stadium in Athens

Source: Pinterest

The Panathenaic Stadium in Athens, a marvel from the 4th Century B.C., remains one of the best-preserved ancient Greek architecture. Over time, this grand marble structure has undergone reconstructions to accommodate modern uses while retaining its oblong shape. Once capable of hosting 80,000 spectators during the 1896 Olympics, it can now hold up to 45,000 visitors. A significant attraction for sports enthusiasts and visitors alike, the stadium offers morning jogging sessions and welcomes tourists to explore the surrounding area. Ticket prices vary, and concessions are available for students and seniors. Witness the charm of this historic landmark and immerse yourself in the rich athletic history of Athens.

  • Timings: 8:00 a.m to 7:00 p.m
  • Time requires for a visit: 2.5 hours
  • Cost: General Admission Ticket 10 Euro
Drone view of Panathenaic Stadium in Athens

Source: Unsplash

Other Buildings Inspired By The Greek Architecture

14. Victoria Parliament House, Melbourne

Outside Victoria Parliament House, Melbourne

Source: Trip

The Parliament House of Victoria in Melbourne exemplifies classical Greek architecture buildings with captivating influences. Boasting a striking design that exudes strength and official power, this landmark is located at the crossroads of Spring and Bourke streets. Visitors can partake in regular tours that provide insight into the Parliament’s sessions, while non-sitting days allow exploration of the site and serene gardens. With accessible terms and various timings to accommodate visitors, the Parliament House of Victoria offers an enriching experience to delve into the city’s governmental history and architectural marvel.

  • Timings: Monday To Friday 8:30 a.m to 5:30 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour

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Inside Victoria Parliament House, Melbourne

Source: Flickr

 

15. Shrine of Remembrance, Melbourne

Outside view of Shrine of Rememberance

Source: Wikipedia

The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, inspired by classical Greek architecture buildings, serves as a poignant memorial to fallen Australians in wars. Its design draws from iconic Greek structures like the Parthenon and the Tomb of Mausolus, creating a serene and beautiful garden. Inside, a marble stone bears the heartfelt inscription: “Greater love hath no man.” The site’s Forecourt witnessed the everlasting flame, lit by the Queen of England in 1954. Monuments like the Remembrance Garden, the Crypt, the Sanctuary, and the Legacy Olive Tree add to their significance, providing a solemn and respectful ambiance for reflection and photography.

  • Timings: Everyday 10:00 a.m to 5:00 p.m
  • Time Required For Visit: 1 hour
Drone View of Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne

Source: whatson.melbourne.vic.gov.au

Conclusion

In summary, ancient Greek architecture merges creativity and engineering, leaving an enduring mark on construction history. Famous Greek buildings like the Parthenon embody cultural values and inspire across generations.

In essence, the legacy of Greek architecture examples continues to influence modern designs, highlighting the interplay between architecture, culture, and ingenuity.

FAQs

How were ancient Greek temples constructed?

Ancient Greek temples were built using a construction technique called “Post and lintel” They used massive stone columns as vertical supports (the posts) and placed horizontal stone beams (the lintels) on top to create the roof structure. These temples were often made of marble or limestone and adorned with intricate sculptures and decorations, making them impressive architectural marvels!

Are these ancient Greek architectural sites open to the public?

Absolutely! Many ancient Greek architectural sites are open to the public. You can explore famous places like the Acropolis in Athens, the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, or the Parthenon in Greece. It’s a fantastic opportunity to step back in time, witness the beauty of these historic structures, and soak in the rich history and culture of ancient Greece.

How did ancient Greek architecture influence modern architecture?

Ancient Greek architecture left a significant mark on modern architecture! Those beautiful columns you see on some buildings? They’re inspired by the iconic Greek orders like Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns. Greek design principles, such as symmetry, harmony, and proportion, continue to influence architects worldwide. Even some of our grand government buildings pay homage to the majestic ancient Greek temples. It’s like history and style come together in today’s structures!

What are the names of Greek designs?

Greek architecture has some famous design styles known as the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders. The Doric order features simple, sturdy columns with no fancy frills, while the Ionic order has elegant, scroll-like tops on the columns. And the Corint\hian order? It’s all about fancy leafy decorations on top! These designs were used in various ancient Greek temples and continue to inspire architecture worldwide.

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